A symbol of Western Civilization at its most magnificent, Athens’ illustrious history stretches back more than 3,000 years. The city flourished during classical antiquity and was the birthplace of Socrates, Pericles, and Sophocles. More than just a relic of its glorious past, today Athens is a bustling and modern capital city and home to some of the country’s most important tourist attractions.
雅典燦爛的歷史是西方文明最輝煌的象徵，距今已有三千多年的歷史。 這座城市在古典時期蓬勃發展，是蘇格拉底，伯里克利和Sophocles的發源地。 如今，雅典不僅僅是一個輝煌的過去的遺物，還是一個現代化首都，擁有一些最重要的旅遊景點。
In the previous article, I shared the 9 most important attractions in Athens and now I am going to share with you other attractions.
In case you don’t know how to go to the city central from airport, this article is the way I went to the city central in Athens.
Constitution Square and the Capitol Building are separated by a street, which is a place where local people gather; however, there are still many people at 10 and 11 midnight.
These are the remains of the largest structure erected by Hadrian (2nd century AD). Not just a library, it also held music and lecture rooms. It was laid out as a typical Roman forum, with a pool in the centre of a courtyard bordered by 100 columns. The library’s west wall, by the site entrance, has been restored. Beyond are only traces of the library, as well as two churches, built in the 7th and 12th centuries.
However, in 267 AD, the war was destroyed by war, that the inside was very broken, only the Corinthian door post at the entrance is relatively complete.
You can get a good sense of the library’s grand scale from outside the fence, uphill on Dexippou. It essentially functioned as Athens’ civic centre in Roman times, while the nearby Roman Agora was the market.
這些是哈德良（Hadrian）（公元2世紀）建立的最大建築物的遺跡。 它不僅設有圖書館，還設有音樂和演講室。 它被佈置為一個典型的羅馬論壇，在一個庭院中央有一個游泳池，周圍有100根圓柱。 圖書館西牆在現場入口處已修復。 除此之外，只有圖書館和建於7世紀和12世紀的兩座教堂的痕跡。
The Agora was the heart of ancient Athens, the focus of political, commercial, administrative and social activity, the religious and cultural centre, and the seat of justice. Also, a road passed through through the Agora that lead to Acropolis and was used during the celebration of the Panathenaic Games.
In 3500 B.C., the space was a housing and burial site; in the 6th century B.C., it was transformed into a public space until its final transformation in the 2nd century A.D. The Ancient Agora of Athens was destroyed in many occasions by the Persians, the Romans and the Slavs. In the 10th century A.D., the Church of Holy Apostles was built there, but the Agora was abandoned in 1204 after an attack. In the period of the Greek Revolution of 1821, the space and its surroundings were destroyed completely and the Ancient Agora was literary buried underneath Athens. However, since 1931 the ancient Athenian Agora has being excavated by the American School of Classical Studies at Athens. In order to fully uncover the site, the nearby neighborhoods were demolished. During the 1950s, the Hellenistic Stoa of Attalos was reconstructed. Today, this archaeological site is under the protection of the Ministry of Culture while it is excavated.
In the past, Socrates and Plato also have speeches in here. Does it very exciting?
Temple of Hephaestus
We know a lot about the first formal order of traditional Greek architecture because the Romans wrote about it. We’ve also got some ruins that we can explore, but these aren’t always in the best of condition. It’s hard to find really good examples of Greek temples built in the Doric order, so when we find one it’s really exciting.
The Temple of Hephaestus (he-FEH-stus) is one such temple. Located near the Agora in Athens, this ancient structure has been incredibly well preserved. It gives us a chance to appreciate some of the first forms of architecture in the Western tradition, which is pretty cool.
我們對傳統希臘建築的第一個正式順序了解很多，因為羅馬人對此進行了記載。 我們也有一些遺跡可供探索，但並非總是處於最佳狀態。 很難找到真正按照多立克體式建造的希臘神廟的典範，因此當我們發現其中的一座時，真的很令人興奮。
赫菲斯托斯神廟（he-FEH-stus）就是這樣的一座。 位於雅典集市附近，這座古老的建築保存得非常好。 它使我們有機會欣賞西方傳統建築中的一些首創形式，這很酷。
The Ancient Agora of Ahens
You will find the Stoa of Attalos inside the ancient Agora of Athens. It is actually a two-storey building. On the ground floor there is a Doric colonnade and an Ionic upper colonnade incorporating a balustrade. The faade is all marble and each story had two aisles and twenty-one rooms lining the western wall. All the rooms had doors and windows on the back wall used for lighting and ventilation and a stair was leading up the second floor.
你會在雅典古老的集市內找到Attalos的Stoa。 它實際上是一棟兩層樓的建築。 在底樓有一個多立克柱廊和一個帶有欄杆的離子上柱廊。 外牆全是大理石，每個樓層都有兩個過道和二十一間西牆襯砌的房間。 所有房間的後牆上都有門窗，用於照明和通風，樓梯通向二樓。
Stoa of Attalos
The ancient Agora of Athens is a major archaeological site, and a long shadow of influence across the globe. It was the cauldron that brewed some of the most important ancient Greek concepts.
Inside, the most striking is the octagonal building-the tower of wind, 12 meters high, the internal structure diameter is about 8 meters, the preservation is very complete and the sculpture on the top is clearly visible. It is rumored that the astronomer-Andro Designed by Andronikos of Kyrrhos.
In Athens, you can walk around and discover the life of the ancient Athenians or get away from the busy center of Athens and relax in one of the many benches that can be found. A morning stroll around the olive trees and the daphnes is essential. This archaeological site is always inviting us to enjoy it under the warm Greek sun.
在雅典，你可以四處走走，探索古代雅典人的生活，或者遠離繁忙的雅典中心，在眾多長凳中放鬆身心。 早晨在橄欖樹周圍漫步，達芙妮必不可少。 這個考古遺址一直邀請我們在溫暖的希臘陽光下享受它。
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